This Day in History

July 30, 1866: New Orleans Massacre

Time Periods: Reconstruction Period: 1865 - 1876
Themes: Reconstruction

The New Orleans Massacre (also known as the New Orleans Riot) occurred when white residents attacked Black marchers gathered outside the Mechanics Institute, where the reconvened Louisiana Constitutional Convention met in response to the state legislature enacting Black Codes and limiting suffrage.

The New Orleans Riot at Mechanics' Institute | Zinn Education Project: Teaching People's History

The brutal attack led to a total of 150 casualties, including 48 deaths (44 African Americans and three white Radical Republicans).

The New Orleans and Memphis riots strengthened the argument by Radical Republicans (a faction in the Republican Party) that President Johnson’s Reconstruction plan was insufficient and greater protection of African Americans was needed.

Read more at Black Find resources to Teach Reconstruction.