Black farmers were massacred in Elaine, Arkansas for their efforts to fight for better pay and higher cotton prices. A white mob shot at them, and the farmers returned fire in self-defense. Estimates range from 100-800 killed, and 67 survivors were indicted for inciting violence.
Themes: African American, Democracy & Citizenship, LaborContinue reading
Conscientious objectors began a hunger strike at Lewisburg Federal Penitentiary.
Themes: African American, Democracy & Citizenship, Wars & Related Anti-War MovementsContinue reading
A white mob of between 5,000 to 15,000 lynched African American Will Brown. The Army arrested mob ringleaders. Even though photographs identified them, all of the suspects were eventually released.
Themes: African American, Racism & Racial IdentityContinue reading
David Walker published one of the most important documents of the 19th century.
Themes: Democracy & Citizenship, Racism & Racial Identity, Slavery and ResistanceContinue reading
Local 25 of the International Ladies' Garment Workers' Union (ILGWU) declared a strike.
Themes: Labor, Women's HistoryContinue reading
Abraham Lincoln issued the preliminary Emancipation Proclamation.
Themes: African American, Democracy & Citizenship, Laws & Citizen Rights, Slavery and ResistanceContinue reading
James Meredith attempted to register at the University of Mississippi.
Themes: African American, Civil Rights Movements, Democracy & Citizenship, Laws & Citizen RightsContinue reading
Hurricane Maria struck Puerto Rico as a major Category 4 storm.
Themes: Climate Justice, Environment, Democracy & Citizenship, Economics, LatinxContinue reading
Forty Black men, elected by communities in nine states, met in Philadelphia in 1830 to organize for improving the lives of Black people in North America. That week, they founded the National Colored Conventions movement and held its first official sessions.
Themes: African American, OrganizingContinue reading