On December 24, 1865, the Ku Klux Klan was founded in Pulaski, Tennessee.
The group became dedicated to the suppression of Reconstruction reforms and seeks to restore white supremacy through terrorist activity, including murder, rape, destruction of property, and intimidation against freed people and their white Republican allies. According to the Southern Poverty Law Center,
The Ku Klux Klan, with its long history of violence, is the oldest and most infamous of American hate groups. Although Black Americans have typically been the Klan’s primary target, it also has attacked Jews, immigrants, members of the LGBTQ community and, until recently, Catholics.
Learn more about Reconstruction and the Klan in the teaching guide “The Reconstruction Era and the Fragility of Democracy.”