On Jan. 7, 1868, the Mississippi Constitutional Convention was held in Jackson, with 16 Black and 78 white politicians. The Mississippi Constitution was one of the first pieces of legislation that provided a uniform system of free public education for children regardless of race.
According to John Ray Skates, Ph.D., professor emeritus of history, from University of Southern Mississippi, some of the revolutionary provisions of the 1868 Constitution were:
- Voting rights for Black males, as required by Congress.
- Framework for comprehensive system of public schools for the state.
- Protection of property rights for married women.
- Governor’s term extended from two to four years.
- Judges above the rank of justice of the peace appointed by governor.
- Future apportionment of the legislature to be based on qualified voters.
Read The Other ’68: Black Power During Reconstruction by Adam Sanchez to learn about one of the most significant years of the Reconstruction era. In the article, Sanchez states that author of Black Power U.S.A, Lerone Bennett Jr., calls 1868 “The Glory Year”:
In the North, in this year, there was wild talk of using troops to forcibly dissolve Congress and arrest its leaders; and in the South thousands on thousands of angry Black people thronged the dusty roads, shouting defiance and demanding a division of the loaves and fishes. This was the year of the 14th Amendment; this was the year men made the Declaration of Independence walk in the streets; this was the year almost all things were made new…. During the whole of this pivotal year, the South vibrated with the impassioned sounds of extraordinary assemblages of Blacks, native whites, and Northern newcomers.
Arkansas also held a constitutional convention on this day, learn more from the article, The Constitution of 1868.
Find resources below for teaching about the Reconstruction era.