This Day in History

July 23, 1890: F. M. B. “Marsh” Cook Killed

Time Periods: Industrial Revolution: 1877 - 1899
Themes: Reconstruction, Democracy & Citizenship, Laws & Citizen Rights
F.M.B. "Marsh" Cook | ZInn Education Project

Assassination of F. M. B. “Marsh” Cook marker. Source: Mississippi Department of Archives and History.

On July 23, 1890, six men ambushed F. M. B. “Marsh” Cook, a white Republican, in Jasper County in Mississippi, riddling him with 27 shots.

He was murdered because he took a stand against the upcoming 1890 Mississippi Constitutional Convention, led by white Democrats to restore white supremacy and undo the advances of Reconstruction.

The convention took place and the new Constitution included poll taxes and literacy tests to disenfranchise African Americans — a Constitution other Southern states soon imitated.

Read more at the Rise and Fall of Jim Crow and History Engine. Find resources below to teach outside the textbook about the Reconstruction era.