Slavery shall not exist anywhere within the United States or the jurisdiction thereof; and the Congress shall have power to make all laws necessary and proper to carry this prohibition into effect. — Senator Charles Sumner.
Sumner delivered the famous speech “Crime Against Kansas” on May 19 – 20, 1856 denouncing slavery and the need for Kansas to become a free state. Democrat Preston Brooks, nearly killed Sumner on the Senate floor two days after Sumner delivered an intensely anti-slavery speech.
Sumner was also outspoken for full recognition of Haiti, against the U.S.-Mexico War, for true reconstruction with land distribution, against school segregation, and more. When someone asked him whether he ever looked at the other side of the slavery question, he answered: “There is no other side.”