On Aug. 5, 1896, white workers attacked Black workers in Arkansas who were coming to work on the Kansas City, Pittsburg, and Gulf Railway.
As a result, three African Americans were killed and eight wounded. This was part of a pattern of labor-related, white supremacist terrorism that was sweeping Arkansas at the time.
There were continued attempts by white people to drive African Americans from the Mena (in Polk County) area. Nonetheless, African Americans established a small Black community, named Little Africa, just east of town. This was followed by continued attacks, and a lynching in 1901.
Excerpted from and continue reading at the Encyclopedia of Arkansas.
Sundown Towns by James W. Loewen
Burning Tulsa: The Legacy of Black Dispossession: A lesson on teaching about the history and legacy of African Americans being forcibly denied access to their land, employment, housing, and more, see