On July 30, 1975, high school and university students gathered at the University of El Salvador in a peaceful protest of the proposed closing of their university, and of widespread government military action against dissenters.
Marching toward downtown San Salvador, the student protesters were met by police and the National Guard, who opened fire with machine guns and threw tear gas bombs into the protesting crowd. Dozens of students were killed and injured.
This 1975 demonstration was a turning point in El Salvador’s history — leading students to question whether peaceful demands and the democratic process were possible.
Given the long and major role of the U.S. in El Salvador’s history, this is therefore also an important turning point in U.S. history. The U.S. had provided training for Salvadoran military leaders at the School of the Americas starting in the 1960s and became heavily involved in funding the military in the 1980s.