This Day in History

June 22, 1944: GI Bill Signed

Time Periods: Prosperity, Depression, & World War II: 1920 - 1944
Themes: African American, Democracy & Citizenship, Wars & Related Anti-War Movements

Source: Briscoe’s Center Digital Media Repository.

On June 22, 1944, President Franklin Roosevelt signed the Servicemen’s Readjustment Act (USA), known as the GI Bill, to provide financial aid to veterans returning from World War II. The benefits included access to housing, small business loans, employment, and education. While the GI Bill was federal legislation, it was administered by the states, where Jim Crow laws and practices severely limited equal access to the benefits.

Here are some questions to consider regarding the GI Bill:

How many people who protest government programs today benefit from their family having been on the GI Bill?

Were the benefits for everyone?

What was the impact of the GI Bill on racial disparities in the U.S.?

A staff sergeant explains the G.I. Bill to a group of military truck drivers. Source: Library of Congress.

Check out the data and analysis in the essay, “Bill of Whites: Historical Memory Through the Racial Looking Glass,” by Tim Wise.

Read “Our House Divided: What U.S. Schools Don’t Teach About U.S.-Style Apartheid” by Richard Rothstein and teach the lesson, “How Red Lines Built White Wealth: A Lesson on Housing Segregation in the 20th Century.”