On August 5, 2012, a white supremacist entered the Sikh Temple of Wisconsin, in Oak Creek, and shot 10 worshipers, killing six and wounding four. When the police arrived, an officer shot and wounded the terrorist, who subsequently committed suicide.
The six who were killed included the temple founder Satwant Singh Kaleka, the brothers Sita and Ranjit Singh, president of the Sikh Religious Society of Wisconsin Prakash Singh (president of the Sikh Religious Society of Wisconsin and father to young children), Paramjit Kaur (the only female victim), and Suveg Singh (the oldest of the victims, at 84).
The perpetrator did not leave a recorded explanation for his violent attack, but he had a history of affiliation with white supremacist and Neo-Nazi groups. An acquaintance reported that the shooter believed that a “racial holy war” was coming.
An August 06, 2012 Democracy Now! broadcast summarized:
Many members of the Sikh community say the massacre has shaken their sense of security. Sikhism is the fifth largest religion in the world with over 25 million followers, of which roughly 500,000 live in the United States. Following the September 11, 2001, attacks, Sikh Americans face many of the same discriminatory conditions as Muslims and Arabs Americans. Because of their distinct appearance, they were visible targets of violence and harassment. Observant Sikhs do not cut their hair. Male followers often wear turbans and don’t shave their beards.
We recommend the Rethinking Schools article “Responding to Tragedy: 2nd graders reach out to the Sikh community” by Milwaukee elementary school teacher Dale Weiss. More guides for teaching about the subject of racist violence and its roots can be found at Teaching Tolerance, and you can access a series of reports on the tragedy at Democracy Now!
Read more about the people who died that in an online memorial at the Sikh Temple of Wisconsin website.