This Day in History

Feb. 4, 1899: War of Philippine Independence

Time Periods: Industrial Revolution: 1877 - 1899
Themes: Imperialism, US Foreign Policy, Wars & Related Anti-War Movements, World History/Global Studies
Aguinaldo and army 1900

Aguinaldo and army 1900.

The Philippine Republic President Emilio Aguinaldo declared war on the United States on Feb. 4, 1899, when the United States refused to recognize Philippine independence.

In the lesson, History Textbooks: “Theirs” and “Ours”: A Rebellion or a War of Independence?, high school teacher John DeRose has his students analyze textbook passages from different countries, videos to explore different perspectives about the same event in history.

Students grapple with questions such as: Was it the “Philippine-American War” or the “War of Philippine Independence”? Was Emilio Aguinaldo a “rebel leader” or the “President” who led the Filipinos in the war against the United States?