Columbus, Native American

Discovering Columbus: Re-reading the Past Feature Image

Discovering Columbus: Re-reading the Past

Teaching Activity. By Bill Bigelow. Rethinking Schools. How to engage students in a critical analysis of the textbook version of "discovery."
Time Periods: Colonization: 1492 - 1764
Themes: Education, Imperialism, Native American
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The People vs. Columbus, et al. (Lesson) | Zinn Education Project

The People vs. Columbus, et al.

Teaching Activity. By Bill Bigelow. 9 pages. Rethinking Schools. A trial role play asks students to determine who is responsible for the death of millions of Taínos on the island of Hispaniola in the late 15th century.
Time Periods: Colonization: 1492 - 1764
Themes: Imperialism, Native American
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Apalachicola River | Zinn Education Project

The Color Line

Teaching Activity. By Bill Bigelow. A lesson on the countless colonial laws enacted to create division and inequality based on race. This helps students understand the origins of racism in the United States and who benefits.
Time Periods: Colonization: 1492 - 1764, 18th Century, Revolution & Constitution: 1765 - 1799
Themes: African American, Laws & Citizen Rights, Native American, Racism & Racial Identity, Slavery and Resistance
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‘Don’t Take Our Voices Away’: A Role Play on the Indigenous Peoples’ Global Summit on Climate Change (Lesson) | Zinn Education Project: Teaching People's History

‘Don’t Take Our Voices Away’: A Role Play on the Indigenous Peoples’ Global Summit on Climate Change

Teaching Activity. By Julie Treick O’Neill and Tim Swinehart. 16 pages. Rethinking Schools. A role play on the Indigenous Peoples' Global Summit on Climate Change asks students to develop a list of demands to present to the rest of the world at a climate change meeting.
Time Periods: 21st Century, 2001 - Present
Themes: Climate Justice, Environment, Native American, Pacific Islander, Science, World History/Global Studies
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Standing with Standing Rock: A Role Play on the Dakota Access Pipeline

Teaching Activity. By Ursula Wolfe-Rocca, Bill Bigelow, and Andrew Duden. Article by Ursula Wolfe-Rocca. 15 pages. Rethinking Schools. A role play helps students recognize the issues at stake in the historic struggle of the Standing Rock Sioux to block construction of the Dakota Access oil pipeline.
Time Periods: 21st Century, 2001 - Present
Themes: Climate Justice, Environment, Imperialism, Native American, Organizing
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Bartolome de las Casas

Columbus and Las Casas

Teaching Activity. By Gayle Olson-Raymer. 15 pages. Questions and teaching ideas for Chapter 1 of Voices of a People's History of the United States on Columbus' arrival in the "New World," and the contrasting accounts of Bartolome de Las Casas and Eduardo Galeano.
Time Periods: Colonization: 1492 - 1764
Themes: Native American
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Rethinking Columbus: The Next 500 Years (Teaching Guide) | Zinn Education Project: Teaching People's History

Rethinking Columbus: The Next 500 Years

Teaching Guide. Edited by Bill Bigelow and Bob Peterson. 192 pages. 2003. Rethinking Schools. Readings and lessons for grades 5 to 12 about the impact and legacy of the arrival of Columbus in the Americas.
Time Periods: Colonization: 1492 - 1764
Themes: Native American
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Before Columbus: The Americas of 1491

Book - Non-fiction. By Charles C. Mann. 2009. An illustrated book for young readers based on 1491: New Revelations of the Americas Before Columbus.
Time Periods: Colonization: 1492 - 1764
Themes: Food, Native American
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A Peoples History of the United States Book | Zinn Education Project

A People’s History of the United States: 1492 – Present

Books - Non-fiction. By Howard Zinn. 2005, with a new introduction by Anthony Arnove in 2015. 784 pages. Howard Zinn's groundbreaking work on U.S. history. This book details lives and facts rarely included in textbooks—an indispensable teacher and student resource.
Time Periods: Colonization: 1492 - 1764, Revolution & Constitution: 1765 - 1799, Early 19th Century: 1800 - 1849, Civil War Era: 1850 - 1864, Reconstruction Period: 1865 - 1876, Industrial Revolution: 1877 - 1899, Turn of the Century: 1900 - 1909, World War I: 1910 - 1919, Prosperity, Depression, & World War II: 1920 - 1944, Cold War: 1945 - 1960, People’s Movement: 1961 - 1974, Post-Civil Rights Era: 1975 - 2000, 2001 - Present, All US History
Themes: African American, Reconstruction, Civil Rights Movements, Democracy & Citizenship, Economics, Education, Immigration, Imperialism, Labor, Laws & Citizen Rights, Native American, Organizing, Racism & Racial Identity, Slavery and Resistance, Social Class, US Foreign Policy, Wars & Related Anti-War Movements, Women's History
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A Young People’s History of the United States

Book - Non-fiction. By Howard Zinn with Rebecca Stefoff. 2009. 464 pages. A young adult version of the best-selling A People’s History of the United States.
Time Periods: 18th Century, 19th Century, 20th Century, All US History
Themes: African American, Asian American, Civil Rights Movements, Democracy & Citizenship, Immigration, Imperialism, Labor, Laws & Citizen Rights, LGBTQ, Native American, Organizing, Racism & Racial Identity, Slavery and Resistance, Social Class, US Foreign Policy, Wars & Related Anti-War Movements, Women's History
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Columbus in America

Film. By Paul Puglisi. 2017. 89 min. Documentary on the symbol of Columbus in the United States and the campaign for Indigenous Peoples' Day.
Time Periods: Colonization: 1492 - 1764
Themes: Native American, Organizing
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Unlearning “Indian” Stereotypes (DVD) | Zinn Education Project: Teaching People's History

Unlearning “Indian” Stereotypes

Slideshow on DVD. 1977, updated in 2008. Rethinking Schools and the Council on Interracial Books for Children. Native American history through the eyes of Native American children.
Time Periods: All US History
Themes: Native American
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1492-1992: The Legacy of Columbus

Audio CD. By Howard Zinn. 2011. 60 min. Recorded in Madison, Wisconsin on October 9, 1991, Howard Zinn challenges the myths of the Columbus legend.
Time Periods: Pre-18th Century, Colonization: 1492 - 1764
Themes: Imperialism, Native American
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Feb. 2, 1512: Taíno Leader Hatuey Executed in Cuba

Hatuey was a freedom fighter in the early 1500s who mobilized Caribbean islanders against invasion, theft, and murder by European conquistadors.
Time Periods: Colonization: 1492 - 1764
Themes: Native American, World History/Global Studies
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