Teaching Materials

Robert Hill Elaine Massacre | Zinn Education Project

Sept. 30, 1919: Elaine Massacre

Black farmers massacred in Elaine, Arkansas for their efforts to fight for better pay and higher cotton prices.
Time Periods: World War I: 1910 - 1919
Themes: African American, Democracy & Citizenship, Labor
Read More

Sept. 4, 1875: Clinton, Mississippi Massacre

Nearly 50 African-Americans were killed by white mobs during the Clinton Riot.
Time Periods: Reconstruction Period: 1865 - 1876
Themes: African American, Reconstruction, Democracy & Citizenship, Racism & Racial Identity
Read More
Mine workers in Gary, West Virginia, 1908

Sept. 4, 1921: Battle of Blair Mountain Ends

Sept. 4 marks the end of fighting at the Battle of Blair Mountain, which was the largest example of class war in U.S. history.
Time Periods: Prosperity, Depression, & World War II: 1920 - 1944
Themes: Economics, Labor
Read More
Panama Canal | Zinn Education Project

Sept. 7, 1977: Panama Canal

On Sept. 7, 1977 treaties were signed to turn over control of the Panama Canal from the U.S. to Panama.
Time Periods: People’s Movement: 1961 - 1974
Themes: Labor, World History/Global Studies
Read More

Hidden History of Strikes and Other Protests in College Sports

By Dave Zirin Even in football, a sport whose DNA is constructed to produce obedience and deference to authority, people can be pushed only so far before they push back. At Grambling State, the players engaged in a players’ strike, what all media outlets are calling “a mutiny”, and refused to take the field on Saturday against Jackson State.
Read More