Teaching Materials

Oct. 2, 1937: Parsley Massacre

Under the orders of U.S.-backed Dominican dictator President Rafael Trujillo, the execution of more than 20,000 Haitians began in what is now known as the Parsley Massacre at Massacre River.
Time Periods: Prosperity, Depression, & World War II: 1920 - 1944
Themes: Latinx, Racism & Racial Identity, US Foreign Policy, World History/Global Studies
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Oct. 2, 1968: Tlatelolco Massacre

Student demonstrators and other civilians were killed by the military and police in Mexico in advance of the 1968 Olympic Games.
Time Periods: People’s Movement: 1961 - 1974
Themes: Democracy & Citizenship, Organizing, World History/Global Studies
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Oct. 20, 1942: Durham Manifesto

The Southern Conference on Race Relations (SCRR) was held in Durham, NC to address dichotomy between African American soldiers fighting overseas in the name of democracy while in the U.S. they were facing racial violence and being denied basic human rights.
Time Periods: 20th Century, Prosperity, Depression, & World War II: 1920 - 1944
Themes: African American, Civil Rights Movements, Democracy & Citizenship, Racism & Racial Identity
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John Earl Reese | Zinn Education Project

Oct. 22, 1955: John Earl Reese Murdered

In an effort to stop the implementation of Brown v. Board through terrorism, 16-yr-old John Earl Reese was killed in Mayflower, Texas.
Time Periods: Cold War: 1945 - 1960
Themes: African American, Education, Racism & Racial Identity
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Chicago School Boycott | Zinn Education Project

Oct. 22, 1963: Chicago School Boycott

The Chicago Public School Boycott, also known as Freedom Day, was a mass boycott and demonstration against the segregationist policies.
Time Periods: People’s Movement: 1961 - 1974
Themes: African American, Civil Rights Movements, Democracy & Citizenship, Education
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Oct. 23, 1947: An Appeal to the World

The NAACP sent to the U.N. a document titled “An Appeal to the World,” to redress human rights violations the United States committed against its African-American citizens.
Time Periods: Cold War: 1945 - 1960
Themes: African American, Democracy & Citizenship, Racism & Racial Identity
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Hate Will Not Define Us | Zinn Education Project

Oct. 24 and 27, 2018

Two hate crime shootings in one week, one of African Americans in Kentucky and the other of Jews in Pittsburgh.
Time Periods: 21st Century, 2001 - Present
Themes: African American, Racism & Racial Identity
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Salvador Allende | Zinn Education Project

Oct. 24, 1970: Salvador Allende Became President of Chile

Salvador Allende became president of Chile and adopted policies for the social good such as raising minimum wage and increasing access to health care and education.
Time Periods: People’s Movement: 1961 - 1974
Themes: US Foreign Policy, World History/Global Studies
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Oct. 25, 1868: St. Bernard Parish Massacre

The St. Bernard Parish (Louisiana) massacre of African Americans was carried out by white men to terrorize the recently emancipated voters.
Time Periods: 19th Century, Reconstruction Period: 1865 - 1876
Themes: African American, Reconstruction, Democracy & Citizenship, Racism & Racial Identity
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Harry Belafonte | Zinn Education Project

Oct. 25, 1958: Youth March for Integrated Schools

A Philip Randolph, Jackie Robinson, Coretta Scott King, Harry Belafonte, Bayard Rustin, and more led a Youth March for Integrated Schools in Washington, D.C.
Time Periods: Cold War: 1945 - 1960
Themes: African American, Civil Rights Movements, Democracy & Citizenship, Education
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The Partiot Act | Zinn Education Project

Oct. 26, 2001: PATRIOT Act Signed

President George W. Bush signed the USA PATRIOT Act, which rolled back civil liberties for U.S. citizens and immigrants.
Time Periods: 2001 - Present
Themes: Democracy & Citizenship, Laws & Citizen Rights
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Incarceration / Prison Pie Chart | Zinn Education Project

Oct. 27, 1994: U.S. Prison Population Exceeds One Million

The U.S. Justice Department announced that the prison population topped one million for the first time in U.S. history.
Time Periods: Post-Civil Rights Era: 1975 - 2000
Themes: African American, Democracy & Citizenship, Laws & Citizen Rights, Racism & Racial Identity
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Oct. 29, 1969: Supreme Court Rules Schools Must Desegregate

The Supreme Court ruled that schools in the South had to desegregate "immediately," instead of the previous ruling of "with all deliberate speed."
Time Periods: People’s Movement: 1961 - 1974
Themes: African American, Civil Rights Movements, Education, Laws & Citizen Rights
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March in support of Ethiopia | Zinn Education Project

Oct. 3, 1935: Ethiopia Invaded by Italy

Ethiopia was invaded by Fascist Italy under Benito Mussolini.
Time Periods: Prosperity, Depression, & World War II: 1920 - 1944
Themes: Imperialism, Racism & Racial Identity, Wars & Related Anti-War Movements, World History/Global Studies
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Luther Jackson | Zinn Education Project

Oct. 30, 1959: Luther Jackson Murdered

Luther Jackson was murdered by then Phil., Miss. policeman Lawrence Rainey.
Time Periods: Cold War: 1945 - 1960
Themes: African American, Civil Rights Movements, Democracy & Citizenship, Racism & Racial Identity
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Oct. 31, 1891: Coal Creek War

During the Coal Creek War, there was a labor uprising to protest convict leasing.
Time Periods: Industrial Revolution: 1877 - 1899
Themes: African American, Criminal Justice & Incarceration, Labor
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