Cold War: 1945 - 1960

May 17, 1954: Brown v. Board Ruling

After decades of organizing and strategic efforts by parents, teachers, lawyers, and more -- the U.S. Supreme Court issued the unanimous decision in Brown v. Board of Education on school segregation.
Time Periods: Cold War: 1945 - 1960
Themes: African American, Democracy & Citizenship, Education, Laws & Citizen Rights
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May 7, 1954: Viet Minh Victory

The Viet Minh scored their final victory over the French at Dien Bien Phu.
Time Periods: Cold War: 1945 - 1960
Themes: US Foreign Policy, Wars & Related Anti-War Movements
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Stealing Home: Eminent Domain, Urban Renewal, and the Loss of Community (Teaching Activity) | Zinn Education Project: Teaching People's History

May 8, 1959: Mexican American Communities Evicted

Palo Verde, La Loma, and Bishop were close-knit Mexican American communities that were destroyed in the 1950s to make way for the Dodger Stadium.
Time Periods: Cold War: 1945 - 1960
Themes: Economics, Latinx, Organizing, Racism & Racial Identity, Sports
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Dr. Charles Gomillion | Zinn Education Project

Nov. 14, 1960: Gomillion v. Lightfoot

SCOTUS ruled 9-0 that redrawing city boundaries in Tuskegee, AL to exclude African-American voters violates the 15th Amendment.
Time Periods: Cold War: 1945 - 1960
Themes: African American, Democracy & Citizenship, Laws & Citizen Rights
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John Earl Reese | Zinn Education Project

Oct. 22, 1955: John Earl Reese Murdered

In an effort to stop the implementation of Brown v. Board through terrorism, 16-yr-old John Earl Reese was killed in Mayflower, Texas.
Time Periods: Cold War: 1945 - 1960
Themes: African American, Education, Racism & Racial Identity
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Oct. 23, 1947: An Appeal to the World

The NAACP sent to the U.N. a document titled “An Appeal to the World,” to redress human rights violations the United States committed against its African-American citizens.
Time Periods: Cold War: 1945 - 1960
Themes: African American, Democracy & Citizenship, Racism & Racial Identity
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Harry Belafonte | Zinn Education Project

Oct. 25, 1958: Youth March for Integrated Schools

A Philip Randolph, Jackie Robinson, Coretta Scott King, Harry Belafonte, Bayard Rustin, and more led a Youth March for Integrated Schools in Washington, D.C.
Time Periods: Cold War: 1945 - 1960
Themes: African American, Civil Rights Movements, Democracy & Citizenship, Education
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Luther Jackson | Zinn Education Project

Oct. 30, 1959: Luther Jackson Murdered

Luther Jackson was murdered by then Phil., Miss. policeman Lawrence Rainey.
Time Periods: Cold War: 1945 - 1960
Themes: African American, Civil Rights Movements, Democracy & Citizenship, Racism & Racial Identity
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Sept. 1, 1956: Clinton Desegregation Crisis

The White Citizens Council and Klan launched full-scale rioting in Clinton, Tennessee in response to school desegregation.
Time Periods: Cold War: 1945 - 1960
Themes: African American, Education, Racism & Racial Identity
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