Native American

Skeleton Cave | Zinn Education Project

Dec. 28, 1872: Skeleton Cave Massacre

The Yavapai people's shelter of Skeleton Cave in Arizona was attacked by the U.S. Army, trying to force them to reservations.
Time Periods: Reconstruction Period: 1865 - 1876
Themes: Native American
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Dec. 29, 1890: Anniversary of the Wounded Knee Massacre (This Day in History) - “We Remember” poster by Bruce Carter | Zinn Education Project: Teaching People's History

Dec. 29, 1890: Wounded Knee Massacre

A Lakota encampment on the Pine Ridge Indian Reservation was attacked by the U.S. Army and close to 300 Native Americans were murdered near Wounded Knee Creek in South Dakota.
Time Periods: Industrial Revolution: 1877 - 1899
Themes: Native American
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Feb. 2, 1512: Taíno Leader Hatuey Executed in Cuba

Hatuey was a freedom fighter in the early 1500s who mobilized Caribbean islanders against invasion, theft, and murder by European conquistadors.
Time Periods: Colonization: 1492 - 1764
Themes: Native American, World History/Global Studies
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Feb. 27, 1973: Activists Occupy Wounded Knee

About 250 Sioux Indians, led by members of the American Indian Movement, converged on South Dakota’s Pine Ridge Reservation, launching the famous 71-day occupation of Wounded Knee.
Time Periods: People’s Movement: 1961 - 1974
Themes: Democracy & Citizenship, Native American, Organizing
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Odawa Chief Pontiac Meets with Gladwin | Zinn Education Project

July 31, 1763: Chief Pontiac Wins Battle of Bloody Run at Fort Detroit

The unified Native warriors, who fought with Odawa Chief Pontiac, defeated 250 British soldiers during their seige at Fort Detroit during Pontiac's War.
Time Periods: Colonization: 1492 - 1764, 18th Century, Revolution & Constitution: 1765 - 1799
Themes: Imperialism, Native American, Wars & Related Anti-War Movements, World History/Global Studies
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June 23, 1968: The Poor People’s Campaign Ended

The permit for the Poor People's Campaign expired, ending the month long encampment.
Time Periods: People’s Movement: 1961 - 1974
Themes: African American, Democracy & Citizenship, Labor, Latinx, Native American, Organizing, Racism & Racial Identity
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Trail of Tears 1839

March 26, 1839: End of The Trail of Tears

The Trail of Tears removed Cherokee Indians from their ancestral home in the Smoky Mountains to the Oklahoma Territory.
Themes: Democracy & Citizenship, Native American, Racism & Racial Identity
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Pequot Massacre | Zinn Education Project

May 26, 1637: Pequot Massacre

Hundreds of Pequot villagers were massacred by the Puritans in Mystic, Connecticut.
Time Periods: Colonization: 1492 - 1764
Themes: Native American, Wars & Related Anti-War Movements
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Nov. 20, 1969: Alcatraz Occupation

Native Americans took over and held Alcatraz Island as Indian Land during the Alcatraz Occupation.
Time Periods: People’s Movement: 1961 - 1974
Themes: Native American
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Nov. 29, 1864: Sand Creek Massacre

A Colorado Cavalry unit, acting on orders from Colorado's governor and ignoring a white surrender flag flying just below a U.S. flag, brutally attacked Cheyenne and Arapaho Tribes.
Time Periods: Civil War Era: 1850 - 1864
Themes: Native American
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Alaska Petition Aleut Women 1942

Oct. 10, 1942: Petition from Aleut Women

Aleut women from the Pribilof Islands Program wrote a petition about the dangerous internment camp conditions.
Time Periods: Prosperity, Depression, & World War II: 1920 - 1944
Themes: Democracy & Citizenship, Native American, Wars & Related Anti-War Movements
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