Cold War: 1945 - 1960

Chávez Ravine: A Record by Ry Cooder

Songs. By Ry Cooder. 2005. 70 min. The story of the Chicano community bulldozed to pave the way for the Dodger Stadium in Santa Monica, told through bilingual songs.
Time Periods: 20th Century, Cold War: 1945 - 1960
Themes: Art & Music, Latinx, Organizing, Social Class, Sports
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April 14, 1947: Mendez v. Westminster Court Ruling

When Gonzalo and Felicitas Mendez, two California farmers, sent their children to a local school, their children were told that they would have to go to a separate facility reserved for Mexican American students.
Time Periods: Cold War: 1945 - 1960
Themes: Education, Latinx
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Billie Holiday (photo) | Zinn Education Project

April 7, 1915: Billie Holiday Born

Billie Holiday was a legendary jazz singer and songwriter. Also born today, Harry Hay and Daniel Ellsberg.
Time Periods: 20th Century, Cold War: 1945 - 1960
Themes: African American, Art & Music
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April 9, 1947: First Freedom Ride

The first freedom ride, the Journey of Reconciliation, left Washington, D.C. to travel through four states of the upper South.
Time Periods: Cold War: 1945 - 1960
Themes: Civil Rights Movements
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Sarah Keys | Zinn Education Project

Aug. 1, 1952: Sarah Keys Refused to Give Up Her Seat on a Bus

Sarah Keys refused to give up her seat on a state-to-state charter bus, prompting the landmark court case, Sarah Keys v. Carolina Coach Company.
Time Periods: Cold War: 1945 - 1960
Themes: African American, Civil Rights Movements, Democracy & Citizenship, Laws & Citizen Rights, Women's History
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Aug. 13, 1955: Lamar Smith Murdered

Lamar Smith, 63-year-old farmer and WWI veteran, was shot dead in Brookhaven, Mississippi, for urging African Americans to vote.
Time Periods: Cold War: 1945 - 1960
Themes: African American, Democracy & Citizenship, Laws & Citizen Rights, Racism & Racial Identity
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Paul Robeson | Zinn Education Project

Aug. 16, 1955: Paul Robeson Lost Court Appeal

Paul Robeson lost his court appeal to have the U.S. State Department grant him a passport.
Time Periods: Cold War: 1945 - 1960
Themes: African American, Democracy & Citizenship, Laws & Citizen Rights, Racism & Racial Identity
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Clara Luper (photo) | Zinn Education Project

Aug. 19, 1958: Katz Drugstore Sit-Ins

Clara Luper and the NAACP Youth Council began sit-ins to desegregate lunch counters.
Time Periods: Cold War: 1945 - 1960
Themes: African American, Democracy & Citizenship, Laws & Citizen Rights
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J.C. Farmer | Zinn Education Project

Aug. 3, 1946: J. C. Farmer Killed

J. C. Farmer, a 19-year-old African American WWII veteran, was killed by a mob of 20 white men.
Time Periods: Cold War: 1945 - 1960
Themes: African American, Democracy & Citizenship, Laws & Citizen Rights
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Montgomery Boycott Ends | Zinn Education Project

Dec. 20, 1956: Montgomery Bus Boycott Prevails

After a 381 day boycott, a federal ruling declared the Alabama laws requiring segregated buses to be unconstitutional.
Time Periods: Cold War: 1945 - 1960
Themes: African American, Civil Rights Movements, Democracy & Citizenship, Laws & Citizen Rights
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Dec. 25, 1951: Murder of Harriette and Harry Moore in Florida

The home of teachers and labor/voting rights activists Harry T. Moore and Harriette Moore was bombed by the Klan—killing them both.
Time Periods: 20th Century, Cold War: 1945 - 1960
Themes: African American, Civil Rights Movements, Democracy & Citizenship, Education, Organizing, Racism & Racial Identity
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Dec. 5, 1955: Montgomery Bus Boycott Began

The Montgomery Bus Boycott is one of the most powerful examples of organizing and social change in U.S. history.
Time Periods: Cold War: 1945 - 1960
Themes: African American, Democracy & Citizenship, Laws & Citizen Rights, Racism & Racial Identity
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Feb. 1, 1960: The Greensboro Sit-in Begins

Four African-American North Carolina A&T University students, began a sit-in protest at a Woolworth's whites-only lunch counter.
Time Periods: Cold War: 1945 - 1960
Themes: African American, Civil Rights Movements, Democracy & Citizenship
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