Civil War Era: 1850 - 1864

Emancipation Proclamation 1863

Jan. 1, 1863: Emancipation Proclamation

The Emancipation Proclamation took effect in 1863. Who did it "emancipate"? And who gets credited?
Time Periods: Civil War Era: 1850 - 1864
Themes: African American, Democracy & Citizenship, Slavery and Resistance
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Last Seen: Finding Family After Slavery

Jan. 30, 1884: Couple Reunited During Reconstruction

During the Reconstruction Era, people emancipated from slavery searched for their loved ones throughout the United States and Canada. Enslavers forcibly separated African Americans from their children, friends, and partners during the Antebellum period when they were sold or

Time Periods: 19th Century, Civil War Era: 1850 - 1864, Reconstruction Period: 1865 - 1876, Industrial Revolution: 1877 - 1899
Themes: African American, Reconstruction, Slavery and Resistance
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July 13, 1863: Draft Riots

The NYC Draft Riots were the largest civil insurrection in U.S. history besides the Civil War itself. White mobs attacked the African American community--committing murder and burning homes and institutions (including an orphanage.)
Time Periods: Civil War Era: 1850 - 1864
Themes: African American, Racism & Racial Identity, Wars & Related Anti-War Movements
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Elizabeth Jennings Graham | Zinn Education Project

July 16, 1854: Elizabeth Jennings Graham

Schoolteacher Elizabeth Jennings Graham successfully challenged racist streetcar policies in New York City.
Time Periods: Civil War Era: 1850 - 1864
Themes: African American, Laws & Citizen Rights, Women's History
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June 2, 1863: Harriet Tubman Frees Nearly 800 People

Harriet Tubman planned and guided a significant armed raid (becoming the first woman to do so in the Civil War) against Confederate forces, supply depots, and plantations along the Combahee River in coastal South Carolina.
Time Periods: Civil War Era: 1850 - 1864
Themes: African American, Slavery and Resistance, Wars & Related Anti-War Movements, Women's History
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Dred and Harriet Scott 1857

March 6, 1857: Dred (and Harriet) Scott Decision

The Supreme Court declared in horrific Dred Scott v. Sandford ruling that "Any person descended from Africans, whether slave or free, is not a citizen of U.S."
Time Periods: Civil War Era: 1850 - 1864
Themes: African American, Democracy & Citizenship, Laws & Citizen Rights, Slavery and Resistance
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May 5: Rethinking Cinco De Mayo

Cinco de Mayo is actually the Battle of Puebla Day, commemorating the defeat of Napoleon III in 1862.
Time Periods: Civil War Era: 1850 - 1864
Themes: Latinx, Wars & Related Anti-War Movements, World History/Global Studies
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Nov. 29, 1864: Sand Creek Massacre

A Colorado Cavalry unit, acting on orders from Colorado's governor and ignoring a white surrender flag flying just below a U.S. flag, brutally attacked Cheyenne and Arapaho Tribes.
Time Periods: Civil War Era: 1850 - 1864
Themes: Native American
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Oct. 1, 1851: The Jerry Rescue

Abolitionists freed a man captured under Fugitive Slave Act of 1850 in Syracuse, New York.
Time Periods: Civil War Era: 1850 - 1864
Themes: Democracy & Citizenship, Laws & Citizen Rights, Slavery and Resistance
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Oberlin Rescuers | Zinn Education Project

Sept. 13, 1858: Oberlin Wellington Rescue

Eighteen-year-old John Price was arrested by a federal marshal in Oberlin, Ohio under the Fugitive Slave Act of 1850.
Time Periods: Civil War Era: 1850 - 1864
Themes: Democracy & Citizenship, Laws & Citizen Rights, Slavery and Resistance
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