World War I: 1910 - 1919

Banner Mine Explosion (photo) | Zinn Education Project

Apr. 8, 1911: Banner Mine Explosion

An explosion at the Banner Mine in Alabama killed 128 men, almost all of them African American prisoners of the state who were forced to work in the mine under the convict leasing system.
Time Periods: World War I: 1910 - 1919
Themes: African American, Criminal Justice & Incarceration, Labor
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Negro Church in County is Burnded; Lodges in Ruins (News Clipping) | Zinn Education Project

April 13, 1919: Jenkins County Riot

A riot ensued after Louis Ruffin, an Army veteran, pulled out his gun to defend his family during an altercation between his father and two police officers.
Time Periods: 20th Century, World War I: 1910 - 1919
Themes: African American, Racism & Racial Identity
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Dec. 11, 1917: Black Soldiers Executed for Houston Riot

"The primary cause of the Houston riot was the habitual brutality of the white police officers of Houston in their treatment of colored people." —The Crisis magazine.
Time Periods: World War I: 1910 - 1919
Themes: African American, Racism & Racial Identity
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Feb. 11, 1916: Emma Goldman Arrested

Russian Jewish anarchist, Emma Goldman arrested for distributing materials about birth control in violation of the Comstock Act.
Time Periods: 20th Century, World War I: 1910 - 1919
Themes: Labor, Organizing, Women's History
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John Hope Franklin

Jan. 2, 1915: John Hope Franklin Born

John Hope Franklin, born this day, was one of most important historians of 20th century.
Time Periods: World War I: 1910 - 1919
Themes: African American, Education, Racism & Racial Identity
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National Memorial for Peace and Justice (photo) | Zinn Education Project

Jan. 22, 1912: Hamilton, Georgia Lynching

Four African Americans (including one minister and three farmers; one of the farmers was a woman) were lynched in Hamilton, Georgia.
Time Periods: World War I: 1910 - 1919
Themes: African American, Racism & Racial Identity
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Porvenir Texas Massacre

Jan. 28, 1918: Porvenir Massacre

Fifteen Mexican-Americans were killed by Texas Rangers during the Porvenir Massacre.
Time Periods: World War I: 1910 - 1919
Themes: Democracy & Citizenship, Latinx, Laws & Citizen Rights
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Daniel Hoskins with guns | Zinn Education Project

July 10, 1919: Beating of Samuel L. Jones and the Longview Riot

The Longview Riot is one example of white mob violence during the period known as "Red Summer." Photo: Daniel Hoskins at gun repository required by U.S. Marshall. Undermined African Americans' ability to engage in self-defense.
Time Periods: 20th Century, World War I: 1910 - 1919
Themes: African American
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July 12, 1917: The Bisbee Deportation

The Bisbee Deportation was the illegal deportation of more than 1,000 striking mine workers (IWW-led strike), their supporters, and citizen bystanders by 2,000 vigilantes.
Time Periods: World War I: 1910 - 1919
Themes: Immigration, Labor, Latinx
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Riot Sweeps Chicago | Zinn Education Project

July 27, 1919: Riot in Chicago

Sparked by a white police officer's refusal to make an arrest in the murder of a Black teenager, Chicago's Red Summer violence lasted almost a week. At least 38 people were killed and thousands of Black homes were looted and damaged.
Time Periods: 20th Century, World War I: 1910 - 1919
Themes: African American, Racism & Racial Identity
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Silent Protest | Zinn Education Project

July 28, 1917: Silent March Down Fifth Avenue

W. E. B. Du Bois and the NAACP organized a silent march in NYC to protest the massacres and lynchings of African Americans.
Time Periods: World War I: 1910 - 1919
Themes: African American, Racism & Racial Identity
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