Civil War Era: 1850 - 1864

A Wish After Midnight

Book – Fiction. By Zetta Elliott. 2010. When tough Genna gets transported back in time, she must face the perilous realities of Civil War-era Brooklyn, using all her wits to survive and hold on to her humanity in two different worlds.
Time Periods: Civil War Era: 1850 - 1864
Themes: African American, Slavery and Resistance
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Crossing Bok Chitto: A Choctaw Tale of Friendship and Freedom

Picture Book. By Tim Tingle. 2008. 40 pages. A picture book that highlights rarely discussed intersections between Native Americans in the South and African Americans in bondage.
Time Periods: Civil War Era: 1850 - 1864
Themes: African American, Native American, Slavery and Resistance
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Pink y Say

Book – Fiction. By Patricia Polacco. 2003. In Spanish, the narrative of two young boys who meet and help each other during the Civil War for upper elementary.
Time Periods: 19th Century, Civil War Era: 1850 - 1864
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Frederick Douglass | Zinn Education Project

Frederick Douglass: “The Meaning of July Fourth for the Negro”

Film clip. Voices of a People's History. Frederick Douglass' speech "The Meaning of July Fourth for the Negro" (1852) is read by Danny Glover.
Time Periods: 19th Century, Civil War Era: 1850 - 1864
Themes: African American, Democracy & Citizenship, Racism & Racial Identity, Slavery and Resistance
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John Brown’s Last Speech

Film clip. Voices of a People's History. Dramatic reading John Brown’s Last Speech delivered on November 2, 1859, by Josh Brolin.
Time Periods: 19th Century, Civil War Era: 1850 - 1864
Themes: Organizing, Slavery and Resistance
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Charles Sumner

Profile. Charles Sumner, Civil War and Reconstruction era politician in the United States.
Time Periods: 19th Century, Civil War Era: 1850 - 1864
Themes: African American, Slavery and Resistance
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A People’s History of the United States: Highlights from the Twentieth Century (Audio)

Audio. By Howard Zinn. Read by Matt Damon. 2003. 8 hours, 44 min. Audio book version of excerpted highlights from A People's History of the United States.
Time Periods: Colonization: 1492 - 1764, 18th Century, Revolution & Constitution: 1765 - 1799, 19th Century, Early 19th Century: 1800 - 1849, Civil War Era: 1850 - 1864, Reconstruction Period: 1865 - 1876, Industrial Revolution: 1877 - 1899, 20th Century, Turn of the Century: 1900 - 1909, World War I: 1910 - 1919, Prosperity, Depression, & World War II: 1920 - 1944, Cold War: 1945 - 1960, People’s Movement: 1961 - 1974, Post-Civil Rights Era: 1975 - 2000, 21st Century, 2001 - Present, All US History
Themes: African American, Reconstruction, Asian American, Civil Rights Movements, Democracy & Citizenship, Immigration, Imperialism, Labor, Laws & Citizen Rights, Native American, Organizing, Racism & Racial Identity, Slavery and Resistance, Social Class, US Foreign Policy, Wars & Related Anti-War Movements, Women's History
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Thomas Jefferson Advertisement Runaway Slave | Zinn Education Project

Freedom on the Move: Rediscovering the Stories of Self-Liberating People

Digital archive and crowdsourcing project that provides access to information, through thousands of print advertisements, about freedom-seekers and their would-be enslavers in the 18th and 19th centuries.
Time Periods: 18th Century, Revolution & Constitution: 1765 - 1799, 19th Century, Early 19th Century: 1800 - 1849, Civil War Era: 1850 - 1864
Themes: African American, Labor, Laws & Citizen Rights, Racism & Racial Identity, Slavery and Resistance
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Roudanez: History and Legacy

Website. Archive of the work of Dr. Louis Charles Roudanez, founder of the first Black daily newspaper in the U.S., the New Orleans Tribune, with articles, excerpts, videos, and a timeline.
Time Periods: 19th Century, Early 19th Century: 1800 - 1849, Civil War Era: 1850 - 1864, Reconstruction Period: 1865 - 1876, Industrial Revolution: 1877 - 1899
Themes: African American, Reconstruction, Media, Slavery and Resistance
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Fort Pillow Massacre, by Katz & Allison. Source: Library of Congress via Equal Justice Initiative

April 12, 1864: Union Soldiers Massacred at Fort Pillow

Confederate troops massacred over 500 surrendering Union soldiers, majority African American, at the Civil War Battle of Fort Pillow.
Time Periods: Civil War Era: 1850 - 1864
Themes: African American, Slavery and Resistance, Wars & Related Anti-War Movements
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April 16, 1862: Compensated Emancipation Act

The federal government compensated the "owners" of enslaved people for their "loss of property." The people whose labor and families were stolen for generations were not compensated nor given any assistance for the transition to freedom.
Time Periods: Civil War Era: 1850 - 1864
Themes: African American, Reconstruction, Economics, Racism & Racial Identity, Slavery and Resistance
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Bloody Monday Kentucky 1855

Aug. 6, 1855: Bloody Monday

On election day, in Louisville, Kentucky, Protestant mobs attacked German and Irish Catholic neighborhoods.
Time Periods: Civil War Era: 1850 - 1864
Themes: Immigration
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John Brown | Zinn Education Project

Dec. 2, 1859: John Brown Executed

Abolitionist John Brown was executed by the state of Virginia for leading the infamous Harpers Ferry Raid.
Time Periods: Civil War Era: 1850 - 1864
Themes: African American, Slavery and Resistance
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Ebenezer Creek Marker

Dec. 9, 1864: Ebenezer Creek Massacre

People who had escaped from slavery and were following the Union Army, were blocked from crossing the Ebenezer Creek, leading to their death.
Time Periods: Civil War Era: 1850 - 1864
Themes: African American, Reconstruction, Slavery and Resistance
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