Criminal Justice & Incarceration

Attica Prison Uprising

Resource list. Overview with links to articles, books, primers, films, and websites about the Attica Prison Uprising for the classroom.
Time Periods: 20th Century, People’s Movement: 1961 - 1974
Themes: Criminal Justice & Incarceration
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Teaching Social Activism in Prison | Zinn Education Project

Teaching Social Activism in Prison: The Leap Manifesto and Incarcerated Youth

Article. By Rachel Boccio. Rethinking Schools, Winter 2018. A Connecticut educator who taught English to incarcerated young men for 20 years describes what happened when she introduced her students to the Canadian “Leap Manifesto.”
Time Periods: 21st Century
Themes: Climate Justice, Criminal Justice & Incarceration, Civil Rights Movements, Organizing
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The New Jim Crow: Mass Incarceration in the Age of Colorblindness

Book - Non-fiction. By Michelle Alexander. Introduction by Cornel West. 2010, updated in 2012. A critical analysis of the role the justice system plays in the oppression of African Americans in the United States.
Time Periods: 21st Century, 2001 - Present
Themes: African American, Criminal Justice & Incarceration, Laws & Citizen Rights, Racism & Racial Identity
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Queer History of the United States for Young People

A Queer History of the United States for Young People

Book - Non-fiction. By Michael Bronski, adapted for by Richie Chevat. 336 pages. 2019. A young adult readers edition of the original text explores the history of LGBTQ+ experiences in the U.S. since 1500.
Time Periods: 18th Century, 19th Century, 20th Century, 21st Century, All US History
Themes: Criminal Justice & Incarceration, Imperialism, LGBTQ, Native American, Women's History
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Race to Incarcerate: A Graphic Retelling

Book - Non-fiction. By Marc Mauer and Sabrina Jones. 2012. Based on the popular book Race to Incarcerate, this graphic adaptation is a key resource to introduce a study of U.S. prison system to middle school readers and above.
Themes: African American, Criminal Justice & Incarceration, Democracy & Citizenship, Economics, Social Class
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The Real Cost of Prisons Comix

Book - Non-fiction. By Ellen Miller-Mack, Craig Gilmore, Lois Ahrens, Susan Willmarth, and Kevin Pyle. 2008. This comic book presents the human stories behind the statistics.
Time Periods: 21st Century, 2001 - Present
Themes: Criminal Justice & Incarceration, Economics, Laws & Citizen Rights
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Slavery by Another Name (Film) | Zinn Education Project: Teaching People's History

Slavery by Another Name

Film. By Sam Pollard, Catherine Allan, Douglas Blackmon and Sheila Curran Bernard. 2012. 90 min. Reveals the interlocking forces in the South and the North that enabled “neoslavery” post-Emancipation Proclamation.
Time Periods: 19th Century, Reconstruction Period: 1865 - 1876, Industrial Revolution: 1877 - 1899, 20th Century, Turn of the Century: 1900 - 1909, World War I: 1910 - 1919, Prosperity, Depression, & World War II: 1920 - 1944
Themes: African American, Criminal Justice & Incarceration, Reconstruction, Racism & Racial Identity, Slavery and Resistance
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Banner Mine Explosion (photo) | Zinn Education Project

Apr. 8, 1911: Banner Mine Explosion

An explosion at the Banner Mine in Alabama killed 128 men, almost all of them African American prisoners of the state who were forced to work in the mine under the convict leasing system.
Time Periods: World War I: 1910 - 1919
Themes: African American, Criminal Justice & Incarceration, Labor
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April 19, 1989: Central Park Five Arrested

The New York Police falsely accused four African American teenagers and one Latino teenager who became known as the Central Park Five.
Time Periods: Post-Civil Rights Era: 1975 - 2000
Themes: African American, Criminal Justice & Incarceration
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Fred Korematsu (Square) | Zinn Education Project

May 30, 1942: Fred Korematsu Arrested

Fred Korematsu was arrested on a street corner in San Leandro, California for resisting Executive Order 9066, in which all people of Japanese descent were incarcerated in U.S. concentration camps. 
Time Periods: Prosperity, Depression, & World War II: 1920 - 1944
Themes: Criminal Justice & Incarceration, Asian American, Democracy & Citizenship, Racism & Racial Identity, Wars & Related Anti-War Movements
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Oct. 31, 1891: Coal Creek War

During the Coal Creek War, there was a labor uprising to protest convict leasing.
Time Periods: Industrial Revolution: 1877 - 1899
Themes: African American, Criminal Justice & Incarceration, Labor
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